Collagen is the most abundant protein in our bodies. Collagen is found in muscles, bones, skin, blood vessels, digestive system and tendons.
Collagen is what helps give our skin strength and elasticity.
The collagen density of the dermis decreases with age and is associated with a reduction in dermal thickness.
As with collagen, elastin is affected by time and the elements. Lower levels of this protein cause your skin to wrinkle and sag.
The elastic fibers of the papillary dermis loose integrity during aging and reach less far into the dermal–epidermal junction.
Collagen gives your skin strength. Elastin, as its name implies, enables your skin to stretch and bounce back; it is elastic.
This overall loss in elasticity and strength leads to sagging and wrinkling. The amount of hyaluronic acid, which is abundant in both epidermis and dermis, decreases also with age. This is reflected in the reduced capacity to retain moisture, leading to the typically dry skin of aging people and most importantly impairing the epidermal barrier function.
In the quest for smoothing wrinkles and plumping lax skin, Skin Management System created a line of anti-aging face serums.
The best line-fighting serums are those that help build our skin's own building blocks, namely collagen and elastin fibers. In order for collagen and elastin to be stabilized in the extracellular matrix, the fibrils must be properly cross-linked to each other. This cross-linking is dependent on the modifications to the collagen and elastin precursors by the enzyme lysyl oxidase.
Lysyl oxidase is dependent on copper in order to function, thereby maintaining the integrity of collagen and elastin. The importance of copper for this enzyme’s function has been established in studies in which copper deficiency leads to diseases correlated to improper cross-linking of collagen and elastin. So in order for collagen and elastin to function in our skin it is essential for copper to be available.
Lysyl oxidase, also known as protein-lysine 6-oxidase, is a extra cellular cooper-dependent enzyme protein that catalyzes.
By incorporating copper peptides into skin care products, the function of this enzyme and maintenance of the collagen network is ensured.
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